What are investment funds? Investment money is investment products made up of the sole purpose of gathering traders’ capital, and trading that capital through a profile of financial equipment such as shares collectively, bonds and other securities. Investment money plays an essential role in facilitating the accumulation of personal cost savings, whether for major investments or for retirement.
They are also important because they make institutional and personal cost savings available as loans to companies and tasks that contribute to the growth and careers. As part of its effort to make a barrier-free market for collective investment money, the EU enacted the next legislation. The directive on undertakings for collective investment in transferable securities (UCITS) is the primary European construction covering collective investment plans. This group of investment funds accounts for around 75% of all collective investments by small investors in Europe. The choice investment fund managers (AIFM) directive covers managers of alternate investment schemes created for professional traders.
Alternative investment money funds that are not regulated at EU level by the UCITS directive. They include hedge funds, private equity funds, real estate funds, and a wide range of other types of institutional money. The European venture capital funds (EuVECA) rules cover a subcategory of substitute investment techniques that concentrate on start-ups and early stage companies. Capital raising investment can be an important source of long-term financing to young and innovative companies.
The European sociable entrepreneurship funds (EuSEF) regulation covers alternative investment plans that focus on social enterprises. They are companies that are set up with the explicit aim to have a positive social impact and address public objectives, then only maximizing revenue rather. While these enterprises receive public support often, private investment via funds still remains vital to their growth.
The European long-term investment funds (ELTIF) regulation covers funds that concentrate on investing in various types of alternative asset classes such as infrastructure, small and medium-sized enterprises and real property. Money market funds (MMFs) are investment vehicles where households, corporate treasurers, or insurance firms can obtain a comparatively safe and short-term investment for surplus cash.
They are an important way to obtain short-term funding for financial institutions, corporates, and governments. To be able to preserve the integrity and stability of the inner market, the EU adopted a regulation that can make MMFs more resilient to a future financial crisis. Investment products are complicated and it can be difficult to compare them or know the risks they involve.